Interface fields in Java

In Java, all interface fields are compiled into public static final no matter their initial declaration:

public interface Interface {

	String LITTERAL= "hi, there";
	String NEW_STRING_OBJ = new String("new string object");

which after compiled and desassembled:

javap Interface


public interface Interface{
    public static final java.lang.String LITTERAL;
    public static final java.lang.String NEW_STRING_OBJ;
    static {};

An interesting thing to note about the above example is that final fields that are constants, like primitives and string litterals, are replaced or inlined during compile time, therefore if changed, all source codes that are referencing them need to be recompiled to pick-up the change. In the above example the LITTERAL constant is such a case whereas the NEW_STRING_OBJ field reference holds a runtime construct, that of a new String object, thus not adhering to the above recompilation rule.

SVN revert local checkout to a previous revision

Envision this: For some reason, you’ve accidentally executed:

svn up

picking up all the new updates on the local checkout (co) of your working branch and you were lucky enough to have executed before:

svn info

to capture what was the revision number of the repository that local co was at. Say it was revision number 17456. You can rollback your local co to that revision number by running:

svn up -r 17456